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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

Prevalence of aggressive periodontitis in a specified population of district Yamunanagar, Haryana, India

1 Dental Surgeon, M.L. Civil Hospital, Radaur, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India
2 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, D.A.V. (C) Dental College, Radaur, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India
3 Dental Surgeon, Community Health Centre, Radaur, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashvini Kumar Almadi
Dental Surgeon, M.L. Civil Hospital, Yamunanagar - 135 001, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcd.ijcd_3_17

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Objective: To assess the prevalence of aggressive periodontitis and associated risk factors in 15–30-year-old school/college-going adolescent population/adults in district Yamunanagar, Haryana, India. Methodology: A total of 3875 individuals from 12 schools and 6 colleges of 6 blocks of district Yamunanagar were assessed on random basis in two stages. The first stage included assessment of risk factors and any systemic illnesses and periodontal assessment. In the second stage, complete periodontal and radiographic examination including bitewing examination of the molar region and periapical examination of incisor regions was carried out for the confirmation of aggressive periodontitis. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square and Fisher's exact test was applied to find the association between different variables. The overall model was tested by the Chi-square test and goodness of fit of the model was assessed using Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. Results: In the present study, 2043 participants were male and 1832 were female while 6 participants (2 males and 4 females) were found to be affected with aggressive periodontitis, thus giving the prevalence of aggressive periodontitis in the present study of 0.15% (95% confidence interval: 0.05%–0.34%) with female: male ratio of 2:1. Religion, socioeconomic status, diet, method and frequency of tooth cleaning, and smoking/tobacco were not significantly associated with aggressive periodontitis. Conclusion: This study provides an insight into the existing lifestyle trends, attitude, and oral hygiene behavior of children/young adolescents and their association with the progression of disease.

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